The National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) has filed a cyber libel case before the Department of Justice (DOJ) against executives of online news site Rappler in connection with the complaint filed by a businessman regarding an article published in 2012.
In a transmittal letter signed by NBI Director Dante Gierran and addressed to Officer-in-Charge Prosecutor General Jorge Catalan, named respondents are Rappler Executive Editor Maria Ressa, former Rappler reporter Reynaldo Santos Jr., directors and officers namely Manuel Ayala, Nico Jose Nolledo, Glenda Gloria, James Bitanga, Felicia Atienza, Dan Alber De Padua, and Jose Maria G. Hofilena.
The transmittal letter was dated March 2, 2018, but released to the media only on Thursday.
The case stemmed from the complaint of businessman Wilfredo Keng who was mentioned in the article as the one who lent his sports utility vehicle to the late Chief Justice Renato Corona. The article is entitled “CJ using SUVs of ‘controversial’ businessmen” and posted on May 29, 2012.
The NBI’s transmittal noted that Keng submitted a supplemental affidavit on February 28, 2018, stating “that the prescriptive period for crimes falling under Section 4(c) (4) (of the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012) is 15 years.”
Ressa and Santos, in an earlier report, insisted that the complaint for libel against them should be dismissed.
In both of their counter-affidavits, Ressa and Santos said they cannot be prosecuted for libel under the Revised Penal Code (RPC) or cyber libel under the Cybercrime Prevention Act for an article posted on their website in 2012 and updated in 2014.
The NBI noted Keng’s claim that the article where his complaint stemmed from was reposted two years after.
“Unlike published materials on print, defamatory statements online, such as those contained in the libelous article written and published by the subjects, is indubitably considered as a continuing crime until and unless the libelous article is removed or taken down,” the transmittal said.
“That the subjects did not remove the article in question from their website may be construed as a tacit approval of the contents of the article, or even more, a direct validation or consent to the publication thereof,” the NBI said.
Ressa and Santos said libel has been totally extinguished by prescription because under the RPC, prescription is only one year.